European model design codes and code-writing bodies have begun the process of standardizing, codifying, and implementing sustainable concrete design. In particular the Federation International du Beton (fib) has explicitly considered life cycle assessment and sustainability design in the 2010 Model Code for Structural Concrete. Additionally, a number of RILEM (International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems and Structures) technical committees are authoring durability design documents and guidelines that integrate with sustainability design initiatives. This paper provides a detailed look at the rigorous underpinnings and development of these codes in response to increasing pressure in the European Union and Scandinavia for environmental, social, and economic sustainability of infrastructure. Many lessons for the North American concrete industry can be learned from the technical development and ongoing implementation of these engineering design codes. Case studies of concrete structures in throughout Scandinavia are used to illustrate the practical implementation of these sustainability-focused design codes.
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